Restore Files (FLR) from Thin-Provisioned Linux Drive

Hyper-V specific discussions

Restore Files (FLR) from Thin-Provisioned Linux Drive

Veeam Logoby danielch » Wed Jun 01, 2016 2:52 pm

Hello,

I've had a support case open for a few months now (01762630) about not seeing any data files when attempting to do a Linux FLR on our Linux VM. The FLR appliance opens and runs fine, it just doesn't mount all the drives, only the boot device sda1. After I was escalated to Tier 3 support, they informed me that there currently isn't any support for Linux FLR if the Linux VM has thin provisioned drives. They're able to see the devices, the FLR appliance can't mount them. Support will be getting back to me eventually with a fix report, but no guarantees whether it'll be released with Veeam B&R v9 or a future release.

I should point out Microsoft's best practice for Linux VMs in Hyper-v is to thin provision the drive: https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/lib ... 20239.aspx
Here's the command for creating the Dynamic VHD: New-VHD –Path C:\MyVHDs\test.vhdx –SizeBytes 127GB –Dynamic –BlockSizeBytes 1MB

We've been holding off on putting this Linux VM into production until we have a way to restore files from it; it'll be one of our main development servers. I'm currently looking for workarounds and wonder if anyone has any suggestions.


Option 1: Restore the whole VM

Not reasonable, can't wait over an hour to restore the VM to access the files.


Option 2: Mount device remotely from FLR appliance (can't get this working)

One slick feature is the ability to log into the FLR appliance while it's running. I'm able to putty into it and move around the successfully mounted file system (just the grub2 boot loader device sda1). With this, I was able to see the block level device sda2 that I wanted to mount. So I downloaded sshfs and was able to mount the FLR appliance's /dev folder which contains sda2 on my Linux VM in my mount folder using the below command:

[: mnt]# sudo sshfs root@192.168.123.152:/dev/ /mnt/veeam_temp/

From here, I've been trying to mount the /mnt/veeam_temp/sda2 device onto my Linux VM, but haven't been able to because the device is read-only. I've looked at a ton of resources online and no suggestions work. Trying to mount with:

[: mnt]# mount /mnt/veeam_temp/sda2 /mnt/veeam_sda2/
mount: /mnt/veeam_temp/sda2 is write-protected, mounting read-only
mount: cannot mount /mnt/veeam_temp/sda2 read-only


Trying to mount with -o ro doesn't work either:

[: mnt]# mount -o ro /mnt/veeam_temp/sda2 /mnt/veeam_sda2/
mount: cannot mount /mnt/veeam_temp/sda2 read-only

and I can't seem find a way to get past this particular issue.

I'd like to try using nbd to access the block device remotely, but the FLR appliance doesn't recognize nbd as it's not on the boot drive. Even if it did, I'm not certain this would work since FLR is serving up the files as read only.


Option 3: Use Instant VM Recovery

This seems like it would be a good option, but I'm wondering if anyone else has attempted this. I can't allow this VM on our network as the source VM is live and running on our domain. It should be possible to start the VM without it being on the network, then use an internal Hyper-V switch to get access to the Host. From here, the files can be transferred from the recovered VM to the Host, and from the Host to the live VM. Still working through this process.


Does anyone have any other suggestions?
danielch
Influencer
 
Posts: 15
Liked: 2 times
Joined: Fri Sep 04, 2015 3:08 pm

Re: Restore Files (FLR) from Thin-Provisioned Linux Drive

Veeam Logoby PTide » Wed Jun 01, 2016 5:36 pm

Hi,

It should be possible to start the VM without it being on the network, then use an internal Hyper-V switch to get access to the Host. From here, the files can be transferred from the recovered VM to the Host, and from the Host to the live VM. Still working through this process.
That's exactly the way how Virtual Lab works. You can create one using Veeam, or manually, and perform an Instant Recovery inside the isolated network. You've mentioned that you were able to see sda2 device, have you tried to detach the virtual drive from FLR appliance and attach to the original Linux VM and mount it there?

Thanks
PTide
Veeam Software
 
Posts: 3019
Liked: 246 times
Joined: Tue May 19, 2015 1:46 pm

Re: Restore Files (FLR) from Thin-Provisioned Linux Drive

Veeam Logoby danielch » Wed Jun 01, 2016 8:50 pm

I haven't been able to get around to testing the Virtual Lab functionality, though most of it was configured. Ran into an issue with the Windows Firewall being enabled on our remote DR server after turning the appliance on, which blocked all RDP access. I'll start looking into this again.

As far as the sda2 device, how would I go about detaching it from the FLR appliance? Maybe that's why I'm not able to mount it on the live VM, because it's in use even though it's not mounted?

I'm not able to run some commands in putty connected to the FLR appliance, lsblk and findmnt being a few. I am able to execute blkid:
Code: Select all
# blkid
/dev/sda1: UUID="b2b32058-b53a-4255-8f8f-dd234ee16126" TYPE="xfs" PARTUUID="0009bdec-01"
/dev/sda2: UUID="uvPr7F-M4fF-vOWz-pff2-E83r-v7Qc-tbRARo" TYPE="LVM2_member" PARTUUID="0009bdec-02"
/dev/mapper/rhel_redactedin1-swap: LABEL="swap" UUID="5b4d8c48-f84b-4079-88f6-e78163346ef1" TYPE="swap"


Here's what df shows:
Code: Select all
# df
Filesystem           1K-blocks      Used Available Use% Mounted on
none                     65536     20012     45524  31% /tmp
/dev/sda1               508588    176620    331968  35% /media/sda1


/sys/dev/block seems to have the Maj:Min device number (8:2) of the device as it's mounted on the live VM, but not the mapper for the mount point (253:6):
Code: Select all
# ls /sys/dev/block
11:0   1:1    1:11   1:13   1:15   1:3    1:5    1:7    1:9    253:0  2:0    7:1    7:3    7:5    7:7    8:1
1:0    1:10   1:12   1:14   1:2    1:4    1:6    1:8    252:0  253:1  7:0    7:2    7:4    7:6    8:0    8:2



If it helps at all, here's the setup on the live VM:
Code: Select all
[: mnt]# lsblk
NAME                                MAJ:MIN RM   SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT
fd0                                   2:0    1     4K  0 disk
sda                                   8:0    0   800G  0 disk
|-sda1                                8:1    0   500M  0 part /boot
`-sda2                                8:2    0 799.4G  0 part
  |-rhel_redactedin1-pool00_tmeta   253:0    0   100M  0 lvm
  | `-rhel_redactedin1-pool00-tpool 253:2    0 778.5G  0 lvm
  |   |-rhel_redactedin1-root       253:3    0    80G  0 lvm  /
  |   |-rhel_redactedin1-pool00     253:5    0 778.5G  0 lvm
  |   `-rhel_redactedin1-data       253:6    0 698.5G  0 lvm  /data
  |-rhel_redactedin1-pool00_tdata   253:1    0 778.5G  0 lvm
  | `-rhel_redactedin1-pool00-tpool 253:2    0 778.5G  0 lvm
  |   |-rhel_redactedin1-root       253:3    0    80G  0 lvm  /
  |   |-rhel_redactedin1-pool00     253:5    0 778.5G  0 lvm
  |   `-rhel_redactedin1-data       253:6    0 698.5G  0 lvm  /data
  `-rhel_redactedin1-swap           253:4    0     5G  0 lvm  [SWAP]
sr0                                              11:0    1  26.3M  0 rom
[: mnt]# blkid
/dev/block/8:2: UUID="uvPr7F-M4fF-vOWz-pff2-E83r-v7Qc-tbRARo" TYPE="LVM2_member"
/dev/block/253:3: LABEL="root" UUID="e80fb2da-d897-4f57-aa85-d987957d53e1" TYPE="xfs"
/dev/block/8:1: UUID="b2b32058-b53a-4255-8f8f-dd234ee16126" TYPE="xfs"
/dev/block/253:4: LABEL="swap" UUID="5b4d8c48-f84b-4079-88f6-e78163346ef1" TYPE="swap"
/dev/mapper/rhel_redactedin1-data: LABEL="Data" UUID="d64b320f-ed78-4599-9cc3-22c21247ae48" TYPE="xfs"
danielch
Influencer
 
Posts: 15
Liked: 2 times
Joined: Fri Sep 04, 2015 3:08 pm

Re: Restore Files (FLR) from Thin-Provisioned Linux Drive

Veeam Logoby PTide » Thu Jun 02, 2016 10:17 am

As far as the sda2 device, how would I go about detaching it from the FLR appliance?
I meant to detach the vhdx that contains sda2 from the FLR appliance on a HyperV level and attach the vhdx to some other Linux VM (original one for example) and see if it can mount the drive.

UPDATE: Could you please post the output of lvs command?

Thanks
PTide
Veeam Software
 
Posts: 3019
Liked: 246 times
Joined: Tue May 19, 2015 1:46 pm

Re: Restore Files (FLR) from Thin-Provisioned Linux Drive

Veeam Logoby danielch » Thu Jun 02, 2016 7:15 pm 1 person likes this post

Hi PTide,

I've got a usable workaround with VM Instant Recovery and using an Hyper-V Internal Switch on the VM. After the recovered VM is running, I change the IP of the recovered VM and can putty in, mount a share from the host server, and transfer files to the VM Host server, then transfer the files from the VM Host to the current live VM. This about as much effort (slightly less) as attaching the FLR VHD to another Linux VM.

We do not need to pursue this further unless you'd like to find out more information about this issue or the FLR appliance. Thanks for all your help thus far.


To answer your question, the lvs command on the FLR appliance returns:
Code: Select all
# lvs
  LV     VG               Attr       LSize   Pool   Origin Data%  Meta%  Move Log Cpy%Sync Convert
  data   rhel_redactedin1 Vwi---tz-- 698.49g pool00
  pool00 rhel_redactedin1 twi---tz-- 778.49g
  root   rhel_redactedin1 Vwi---tz--  80.00g pool00
  swap   rhel_redactedin1 -wi-a-----   4.94g


And here's the output of the lvdisplay command on the FLR appliance, the data volume is my destination (note the Status on the majority of the volumes):
Code: Select all
# lvdisplay
  --- Logical volume ---
  LV Name                pool00
  VG Name                rhel_redactedin1
  LV UUID                36pr27-KQZV-cx6G-Jk8L-1RGT-ZsmV-7toDtf
  LV Write Access        read/write
  LV Creation host, time localhost, 2015-10-16 21:44:15 +0400
  LV Pool metadata       pool00_tmeta
  LV Pool data           pool00_tdata
  LV Status              NOT available
  LV Size                778.49 GiB
  Current LE             199293
  Segments               1
  Allocation             inherit
  Read ahead sectors     auto

  --- Logical volume ---
  LV Path                /dev/rhel_redactedin1/root
  LV Name                root
  VG Name                rhel_redactedin1
  LV UUID                KSYWiw-nmGo-IhS4-50qg-PWJv-kQJG-Zwe55j
  LV Write Access        read/write
  LV Creation host, time localhost, 2015-10-16 21:44:15 +0400
  LV Pool name           pool00
  LV Status              NOT available
  LV Size                80.00 GiB
  Current LE             20480
  Segments               1
  Allocation             inherit
  Read ahead sectors     auto

  --- Logical volume ---
  LV Path                /dev/rhel_redactedin1/data
  LV Name                data
  VG Name                rhel_redactedin1
  LV UUID                ClUjBN-H0j1-4Wsl-EJDr-r49L-AVVs-xqNR2i
  LV Write Access        read/write
  LV Creation host, time localhost, 2015-10-16 21:44:16 +0400
  LV Pool name           pool00
  LV Status              NOT available
  LV Size                698.49 GiB
  Current LE             178813
  Segments               1
  Allocation             inherit
  Read ahead sectors     auto

  --- Logical volume ---
  LV Path                /dev/rhel_redactedin1/swap
  LV Name                swap
  VG Name                rhel_redactedin1
  LV UUID                oUoRSR-AtRd-eek0-hQny-ekEv-TbCD-WaqZEr
  LV Write Access        read/write
  LV Creation host, time localhost, 2015-10-16 21:44:19 +0400
  LV Status              available
  # open                 0
  LV Size                4.94 GiB
  Current LE             1264
  Segments               1
  Allocation             inherit
  Read ahead sectors     auto
  - currently set to     256
  Block device           252:0



Support has just reported to me that a fix for this issue would require the FLR appliance kernel to be updated.
danielch
Influencer
 
Posts: 15
Liked: 2 times
Joined: Fri Sep 04, 2015 3:08 pm


Return to Microsoft Hyper-V



Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 7 guests